Types of Pistachio
Round Pistachio (Fandoghi):
These are the primary product for export.
|Available in sizes 26-28, 28-30, 30-32|
Long Pistachio (Akbari):
|These are the most expensive and traditional.|
Available in sizes 20-22, 22-24
Long Pistachio (Ahmad aghaee):
|These are a favorite amongst people in Eastern Asia.|
Available in sizes 22-24, 24-26
Long Pistachio (Badami):
|The shape of its kernel is similar to that of the almond.|
Available in sizes 24-26, 26-28, 28-30
Jumbo Pistachio (Kale ghuchi):
|This kind is broad with an opened mouth.|
Available in sizes 18-20, 20-22, 22-24, 24-26
Natural Pistachio kernel (red and cream color):
These are shelled from closed pistachios.
Green kernel Pistachio:
Green kernel Pistachio: This kind is used to add flavor and/or green coloring to ice cream, cookies and other cuisine.
Roasted and Salted Pistachio:
These boast a very favorable taste.
Grades of kernel pistachios
AAA: ~95% whole + 5% split. AA: ~90% whole + 10% split. A: ~85% whole + 15% split. C: ~70% whole + 30% split.
The History of the Pistachio
Documents and research have shown that the origin of pistachio trees lies in the North-east of Iran. For 5000 years people have been eating pistachios. Historic records claim that the queen of Sheba herself, demanded all of the Assyrian pistachios for her court.
The Botany of the Pistachio
The pistachio belongs to the Ancardiaceae family. Pistachio trees usually grow up to 8 meters tall. These trees can tolerate different extremes in temperature: up to 45°C and lower than 25°C. Pistachio trees are second (after the date palm) which can survive for long periods of time without water. Their roots reach deep into the soil to find water. Depending on the environment in which the tree is planted, a pistachio tree will start to fruit between 7 to 10 years after being planted and continue to live and fruit for about 80 to 100 years.
|Type||Packed in bags||Packed in carton|
|20 foot container||14 tons||12 tons|
|40 foot container||24 tons||20tons|
|12 meter trailer||19.5 tons||19tons|
| ||Phosphorus||5.000 g|
| ||Magnesium||158 mg|
| ||Calcium||136 mg|
| ||Iron||7300 mg|
| ||Selenium||0.450 mg|
| ||Nickel||0.080 mg|
| ||Vitamin C||7.000 mg|
| ||Vitamin E||5.200 mg|
| ||Nicotinamide||1.450 mg|
| ||Vitamin B1||0.690 mg|
| ||Vitamin B2||0.200 mg|
| ||Carotene||0.150 mg|
| ||Folic Acid||0.058 mg|